Manuel Roxas: Fifth President of the Philippines

Biography of Manuel Roxas

Fifth President of the Philippines

By Storytelling Philippines

Category: Philippine Presidents

Era: Fifth President of the Philippines, Third and Last President of the Commonwealth, First President of the Third Republic
Constitution: Amended 1935 Constitution
Predecessor: Sergio Osmeña
Successor: Elpidio Quirino
Date elected: April 23, 1946, 1,333,392 votes (54% of the electorate)
Inauguration: May 28, 1946, Legislative Building (now National Museum), Manila (aged 54)
July 4, 1946, Independence Grandstand (now Quirino Grandstand), Manila (aged 54)
Seat of Government: Manila
Vice President: Elpidio Quirino (May 28, 1946-April 17, 1948)
Chief Justice: Manuel V. Moran (July 9, 1945-March 20, 1951)
Senate President : Jose Avelino (May 25, 1946-July 4, 1946; July 5, 1946-February 21, 1949)
Speaker of the House: Eugenio Perez (May 25, 1946-July 4, 1946; July 5, 1946-December 30, 1949)

Previous Positions
Executive Provincial: Governor of Capiz (1919-1921)
Bureaucracy: Chairman, Bigasan ng Bayan (1943-1945)
Cabinet: Secretary of Finance (1938-1941)
National: Chairman, National Economic Council (1938-1941)
Bureaucracy: National Development Corporation (1938-1941)
Bureaucracy: National Enterprises Control Board (1938-1941)
Bureaucracy: Chairman of the Rural Progress Administration (1938-1941)
Chairman of the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (1938-1941)
Legislative Local: Municipal Councilor of Capiz (1917-1919)
Lower House: Representative of the 1st District of Capiz (1922-1935)
Lower House: Speaker of the House (1922-1933)
Lower House: Assemblyman for the 1st District of Capiz, National Assembly (1935-1938)
Upper House: Senate President (1945–1946)
Upper House: Senator (elected in 1941 but did not assume office due to Japanese Occupation) (1945–1946)
Judicial: Law clerk to Chief Justice Cayetano Arellano (1913-1917)
Others 1st Place in the Philippine Bar Examination (1913)
Delegate, 1935 Constitutional Convention
Member, 1943 Preparatory Commission on Philippine Independence
Worked under other Administrations:
 QUEZON as Assemblyman; Secretary of Finance; liaison with the U.S. Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE); Secretary to the President; Senator
LAUREL as Head of Bigasang Bayan (BIBA)
OSMEÑA as Senate President

Personal Details
Born: January 1, 1892Capiz (now Roxas City), Capiz
Died: April 15, 1948 Clark Air Base, Pampanga
Resting Place: Manila North Cemetery, Manila, Political Parties: Partido Colectivista Liberal (1922), Partido Nacionalista Consolidado (1923-1933), Partido Nacionalista (“Pro”) (1934), Nacionalista Coalition (Coalition Party) (1935-1937), Partido Nacionalista (1937-1941), Nacionalista Party (1945-1946), Partido Nacionalista-Liberal Wing (1946), Liberal Party (1946-1948)
Parents: Gerardo Roxas Sr. and Rosario Acuña
Spouse: Trinidad Roura de Leon (1900-1995) (m. 1921)
Children: Maria Rosario Roxas and Gerardo Roxas
Education: Manila High School (now Araullo High School) (1910), Bachelor of Laws, University of the Philippines (1913)
Profession: Interpreter in the Court of First Instance of the 15th Judicial District, Lawyer, Academe Professor of Law, Philippine Law School (1916)

How to Cite This Web Page
Villena, Daryll. "Manuel Roxas: Fifth President of the Philippines". Accessed [put the date when you accessed this page]. Available from

* The above retold story is based on...

Philippine Presidents, Presidential Museum and Library, (Kalayaan Hall, Jose P. Laurel Street, Malacañang, Manila City, Jose P Laurel Sr, San Miguel, Manila, Metro Manila)

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