Agimat (bertud or anting-anting) - mythical object; a Filipino word for amulet or charms.
Balagtasan - Filipino debate in extemporaneous verse is named Francisco Balagtas, a prominent Filipino poet, and is widely considered as one of the greatest Filipino literary laureate for his impact on Filipino literature. The famous epic, Florante at Laura, is regarded as his defining work.
Folk Dance - a popular dance, considered as part of the tradition or custom of a particular people :
Folklore - the traditional beliefs, customs, and stories of a community, passed through the generations by word of mouth.
Folk Song - a song that originates in traditional popular culture or that is written in such a style.
Folk Tale (kwentong bayan) - a story originating in popular culture, typically passed on by word of mouth.
Juan Tamad - Filipino for Lazy John; a character in Philippine folklore noteworthy for extreme laziness.
Legend (alamat) - a traditional story sometimes popularly regarded as historical but unauthenticated.
Philippine Mythical Creatures:
Bungisngis - a one-eyed giant.
Aswang - see Manananggal
Bathala - Bathala, Diyos or Apo it is the creation god in Filipino myths.
Diwata - enchantress; are dryads who guard natural creations such as forests, seas, mountains, land and air
Duwende - are goblins, hobgoblins, elves or dwarfs (owner of the house). They are little creatures who can provide good fortune or bad fate to humans
Ekek - are creatures who are bird-like humans.
Kapre - a filthy giant who likes to smoke huge rolls of cigars, and hide within, and atop large trees,
Malakas and Maganda - Strong One and Beautiful One; are Filipino versions of Adam and Eve.
Mambabarang - (summoner) is a witch who uses insects and spirits to enter the body of any person they hate.
Manananggal - an aswang that can fly after separating itself from the lower half of its body. It eats babies and fetuses from a mothers womb
Manaul - a mythical king who became a bird.
Mangkukulam - are witches, wizards, or sorcerers who cast evil spells to humans with uses dark magic.
Mariang Makiling - a fairy who dwells atop Laguna's Mount Makiling, an inactive volcano.
Multo - ghosts
Nuno sa punso - are goblins or elves who live within mysterious lumps of soil
Pasatsat - are ghosts of people who died or were killed in the Second World War
Santelmo - or Santo Elmo, is a fireball seen by dozens of Filipinos, especially those living in the Sierra Madre Mountains.
Sarangay - a creature resembling a bull with a huge muscular body and a jewel attached to its ears.
Sarimanok - a magical, mythical bird
Sirena - mermaid, a sea creature with a human upper body and a fish tail instead of lower extremities.
Siyokoy - mermen, sea creatures that have a human form and scaled bodies.
Tikbalang - tree-residing trolls, Tikbalang or tigbalang (demon horse) is a half-man and half-horse creature
Tiyanak - demon-infants
Wakwak - night birds belonging to a witch or vampire or the witch or vampire itself in the form of a night bird.
Philippine Mythology - pertains to Filipino ancient culture with its mythology: myth(s), legend(s), folklore, folk tales, folk stories, lore, tradition.
Poems (tula) - a piece of writing that partakes of the nature of both speech and song that is nearly always rhythmical, usually metaphorical, and often exhibits such formal elements as meter, rhyme, and stanzaic structure.
Proverbs (salawikain) - a short pithy saying in general use, stating a general truth or piece of advice.
Riddle (bugtong) - folk speech; a question or statement intentionally phrased so as to require ingenuity in ascertaining its answer or meaning, typically presented as a game.